December 26, 2014

Is Merely Building Toilets A Solution

After a lot of discussion the question boils down to whether merely building toilets is a solution and the answer is a clear ‘NO’. This can be proved by asking yourself a question - if you see a public toilet on a road, would you use it? The general answer would be “no”, since the lack of cleanliness in public toilets prevents one from using them. The second problem is the mind-set of the people. The Hindu scriptures say that we should excrete far from our home. These kind of religious barriers don’t allow the people to progress. Therefore, to make the sanitation mission successful, the very first thing we need to do is to alter the mind-set of the people. Awareness through newspapers and hoardings, through campaigns, through street plays is the only way to do that. However, mind-set is not the only problem; these problems include economic problems, problems with the implementation of technology and maintenance problems. The villagers do not have enough money to build a toilet. Therefore, it is the responsibility of the government to start and to implement schemes to provide the poor people with financial aid. No doubt, the government has been the successful in starting such schemes but implementation is still a question. Implementation becomes even more difficult in a country like India where corruption and greed is limitless, population is excess and there is lack of awareness. This implementation problem intensifies the whole sanitation problem. Even if the government gets some economical and efficient model for toilets, the question again comes to “implementation”. Maintenance problems are another barrier to ‘Mission Sanitation’. However, one thing above all this is the sense of individual responsibility. ‘Mission Sanitation’ will only be successful if every citizen of India feels shame in throwing garbage on roads, only if we feel shameful to defecate in open. I am sure that the attainment of a Clean India is not far but in the foreseeable future. 

December 13, 2014

What is a MUN? Participating in an MUN! My Experience

Recently I went to an MUN. I won a special mention award there and contributed to my school's best delegation award! When I told about this to people on social networking sites as well as during conversations, they had that expression which clearly said, "What in the world is an MUN?"
MUN is Model United Nations. It is an initiative by the UN for the youth all over the world to discuss, understand, think and provide solutions to international problems while at the same time to understand and implement the procedures of united Nations in debating.
There are different committees in a MUN conference ranging from DISEC to UNSC(most important committee), from UNHRC to sometimes even political committees like Lok Sabha or All India Political Party Meet! Each committee has one or multiple agendas being discussed simultaneously in the two or three day conference. You follow some strict rules like banned use of personal pronouns. MUNs teach you a lot- delegation skills, oratory skills as well as a encourage you to do a thorough research about the agenda. But its not that serious as people think of it before going to the conference.

Its too much fun to resist in two days and too much research to be done in a month. Let me start from the beginning. The first IIMUN was being held in Indore and our school was invited. Ma'am chose me and 14 others to participate in the MUN. But just because ma'am wanted us to be thorough with the procedure, she told us to volunteer for an MUN and we agreed.Volunteering for a MUN is too much work but undoubtedly too much fun! The first committee session started and I was the one placed in UNSC. The most hilarious job was the passing of chits and reading them. I still remember the girl who was representing  USA raised her hand which meant that she wanted to pass a chit. I took the chit and read it! It said,"From- USA To- Iran  Dude, You look awesome!?!? Wanna have coffee?" I was surprised. I thought MUNs were more of a serious thing but I could not stop laughing after reading the chit! This chit was followed by similar nonsense-consisting chits. Then we broke out for the lunch break, during which some dumb fellow (unfortunately another volunteer) told our chair about the kind of content in the chits. The chair made a rule that every chit would only be passed via Press to the delegate. I thought that was the end of the fun but it wasn't. The next session started and something happened which was unpredictable! The girl from the Press told me to give a chit to the girl representing USA which said," From-Iran To-USA You too look awesome! Meet me after the session gets over!" Thanks to the naughty Press girl who kept those nasty messages circulating throughout the conference!

Then it was the time when the greatest, the biggest day came- IIMUN Indore. After an awesome evening at a Convention Centre in Indore for the opening ceremony of IIMUN Indore, it was the starting of the committee session. I was sitting on my seat where a placard was kept which said,"External Affairs Minister." Finally the first session started, the most hilarious one. I still remember that in the first session, I raised a point every five seconds. A point is actually a way you point out some one's mistake, either factual inaccuracy or procedural inaccuracy. I still laugh remembering the situation when I used to raise a Point Of Order(factual inaccuracy) and used to say,"The Member Of Parliament is using personal pronoun." and then the chair used to say,"Member of Parliament OP-8,(for instance)please refrain from using personal pronouns as it deeply hurts the Minister Of External Affairs" making the whole committee laugh! Then came the most embarrassing instance of the conference! The Chair said,"Now, we will vote for the motion introduced by the Member of Parliament RP-14 on the topic 'Destruction of Domestic Retailers Due To FDI" with total time 10 minutes and--" and he paused because I had already raised my placard which was because I wanted to second the motion but then when I found the whole committee staring and laughing at me, I realised the Chair had still not said- those who want to second the motion, raise your placard- and I had already done that. It wouldn't have been embarrassing only if I would have done it once but I did it not twice, but thrice! So that's how I became a joker in the eyes of the Chair, an immature and funny guy in the eyes of other delegates and also famous MUNer in the whole conference!
P.S. Thanks to the Chair because if it wouldn't have been Vibhor Kedia (Chair), then I would not have been surprised to find myself barred from the committee!!!

During my volunteering experience, I witnessed the most historical motion of entertainment where India and Pakistan together did push-ups and USA and Iran(the nasty chit scandal) did catwalk! But during my MUNing experience as a delegate, the motion of entertainment was quite different! Our chair was not only the most tolerant one but also the most creative one! After a day of the conference, he introduced new punishments for everyone- Doing cross-talks: salsa during the motion of entertainment and raising unnecessary points:dancing on the table during the motion of entertainment. That is what made our motion of entertainment different with the Finance Minister and RP-8 doing ball dance and me dancing on the table( again a joker)!
Your suggestion and advice is welcomed at this email address



October 20, 2014

Today Is a Gift, Live It

How often do we dwell on our past, fantasize about our future but forget to cherish the present? How many of us wake up and hurry to be a part of the worldly commotion without realizing that it’s a start to a new day with endless possibilities ? How many of us actually live in the present, without a glance at the past or a peep into the future?

Most of our days are full to the brim with the activities and daily chores that make us ‘possessed’ to do a particular task. The worry of a mistake committed yesterday on a project to be submitted tomorrow, takes away the essential part in between – ‘today’.

The dialogue from the animated movie, “Kung Fu Panda” addresses this worry and teaches a big lesson through small words, “ Yesterday was History, Tomorrow is a mystery, but Today is a gift, and that’s why it's called Present”. 

There are only two billion seconds in an average human life and every second during which we dwell on the past, steals away from the present. Life is a blessing and we must make the most of it. There are times when we ponder endlessly about our future or fret on our mistakes but one must understand that life is unpredictable and no one knows what may happen tomorrow, so live today like it’s the only day of your life.

The best way to enjoy the present is to find peace and happiness in the small things we do and small things that happen around us. These are those perfect moments which are free of cost but give us immense joy. Life is so very short. It is important, no doubt, to focus on your career and achieve success but it is equally important to enjoy the journey.

Every day is like a blank slate waiting to be filled. Each day is a new beginning, so do all you can, to make it worth while. Live in the moment, do what you can today, don’t wait till tomorrow. 

Courtesy: Setu Blog, The Shishukunj International School

October 18, 2014

FDI- Advantages, Disadvantages, Opinion, Solution

FDI!!! Theoretically speaking, it is Foreign Direct Investmney invested from a Multinational Company ,of a country, into another country. When a company, for forgotteninstance, Walmart (from Arkansas) directly invests in another country, for instance, India (Bharti Walmart), it is called as FDI. However, when this point is being made the term "direct" is very important because buying shares is also a tyscan Sava'spe of investment, but it is indirect and therefore, is not considered as FDI. The next question which arises about FDI, especially after Modi budget, is- Good or Bad? 
          The most frequent debate today is FDI- Increase or Decrease? The political question in India is Increased FDI or Decreased FDI? FDI has its merits as well as demerits. So in this post I provide you with the merit and demerits of FDI and also solution to the demerits as wells as my own opinion!!

  • Economic Growth- When FDI is done in any nation it increases the economy and the GDP of the country. The large investments mount the GDP to high ranges of growth. Economic Growth is very important for the country because I think that economic growth is the most basic solution to corruption It leads to growth and prosperity which reduces the probability of doing corruption. Economic growth also increases the resources for the government and hence will lead to growth and development of the whole nation. The best example is the time when FDI was introduced in India during 1991. India was nearly bankrupt,FDI let to the revival of it economy and led to one of fastest growing countries in the world
  • Employment Generation- FDI leads to large scale employment generations which ultimately reduces poverty and unemployment and brings prosperity and peace. Employment is generated not only in the manufacturing sector, but also in the retail sector because many local entrepreneurs get franchise opportunities. Also when investment is done in any other nation, the demands and output increases. For the manufacturing of more outputs, more workforce is needed which again leads to high scale employment generations. In India, 1.5 million jobs have been created due to FDI since the last 5 years. 
  • Competition Maintained- When many MNCs (Multi-National Companies) enter India a competition for providing the best quality goods at lowest rates is created which keeps a check on inflation. When FDI was introduced in India, the inflation rate stood at 17% and within one year it dropped to 7% which in the further one year dropped to 5.6%!! Its not a co-incidence but its the magic of FDI. Also if the company doesn't provide the consumers with good quality products, it will be defeated in the competition among other companies and hence FDI also provides better quality products. Also, when there is a competition, it minimizes the probability of monopolization.
  • Strengthens Bi-Lateral Relations- When companies from other countries invest in India, they have interest in our growth because India's growth would also increase their profits. They have interest and trust in our economical stability. Therefore, FDI also makes an economical relationships with other countries and economical relationship is the base of every other relationship. We need to maintain good relationships with other countries because if India wants to be part of the Security Council, it must be voted by other countries and other countries(veto) will vote for India when they have interest in our growth. Therefore, FDI is important and advantageous even for the external affairs. 
  • Consumers' Choice- When many MNCs enter a nation, the consumers get many choices and get the freedom to choose the best. Hence, the consumer is not forced to buy product which he/she doesn't like. Therefore, a company has to maintain the quality of its product and its economy which also reduces the greatest risk of FDI.
  • Improved Infrastructure And Supply Chain- When MNCs enter India it, revolutionizes the supply chain from the manufacturer to the consumer and also updates the infrastructure which reduces the loss of grains and other perishable goods.In India 20% of the grains produced is wasted due to poor infrastructure or unscientific methods of storage and transportation. This merit cannot be doubted because the UPA government made a law in 2011 which clearly states that at least 50% of the investment by foreign brands must be utilized in backhand infrastructure. Also, taking about this laws implementation, the companies will have self certify which can be checked by the Indian government as and when required. Secondly,when MNCs will enter India they will make the storage and transportation facilities more efficient. Today, their are one or more wholesalers and a retailer between the manufacturer and the consumer and hence, all the middlemen take their own share of profit making the product more expensive. However, when MNCs will enter India (especially retail sector) they will remove the role of middlemen and will provide the products directly from the manufacturer to the consumers and hence, will reduce the cost of the same product.
  • Tax Deduction- If a product which is usually imported from some other country comes to another country, the price will become higher because of thee application of import duty and taxes. Therefore, FDI will allow the company to set up their plants in the host country which will reduce prices of the products because of the deduction of the duty and taxes which were implied before. Hence, not only the deduction of prices be caused because of maintenance of competition but also because of import duty deduction.     
  • Destruction Of Domestic Retailers- When FDI (especially in retail) is done in a nation, it destroys the local, domestic retailers as the huge MNCs like Walmart, steal the customers of the local retailers. People start buying from huge supermarkets instead of ''sabzi mandis'' and ''kirana shops.'' This causes great unemployment. For example in Thailand, when FDI was allowed, 50000 retailers lost their job. 
  • Loss Of Self Competitive Strength- When MNCs enter a nation, the domestic retailers or the smaller companies don't have the will or power to compete against these large international giants. Also, if some company tries to compete against these large MNCs, they are either bought or merge with the bigger one. For example, we have never heard of an Indian counterpart of Walmart and by allowing Walmart to invest in India, we never will. 
  • Destruction Of Culture- When huge Multi-National Companies enter India, they destroy the Indian culture as they bring there own western culture. If FDI is further allowed in India, it will fully destroy the Indian culture as the multinational companies would attract all the customers by its economical price and excellent quality which would cause the closing of the cultural shops. 
  • The Fear Of Monopolization- As, we (Indians)learn from history, people who came as traders became rulers of the country. In the same way, when MNCs will enter any nation, there is always a fear of monopolization. If there is some very successful company, it may buy all other companies and merge with all its competitors leaving no or negligible competitors which may allow the company to increase the prices and decrease the quality. Since there are no other competitors, the consumers are forced to buy the products which they don't like. Hence, FDI may lead to monopolization over the market. The best and the most historic example which I can ever give is about the most successful software company- Microsoft. About some decades ago Microsoft had a very successful operating system for PCs and about 90 % of the computers in U.S.A. had Microsoft OS. However, other software of Microsoft such as Media Player and Data Base Management Systems were not that successful. So Microsoft only allowed Media Players and other software of Microsoft to work on its OS. Microsoft used its successful OS to make its other software successful. This monopolistic behaviour led to unfair competition and the monopolization of Microsoft over the software industry which prevails even today!
  • Increased Corruption- People give the reason that when MNCs come to any nation they infect the nation of corruption. People say that since FDI has been allowed in India, India has become corrupt and has made India the eighth most corrupt nation in the world. Also people give the argument that since MNCs have entered India they have caused the world's largest scams! This can be seen by a practical example of one of our neighbor country, which is said as the most favorable country for FDI - China. However, though China has such a large international market but it is the country with the highest corruption and also UNCTAD reports say that India's black money is only 5% of that of India.
  • Unhealthy Food Habits- People also give the argument that FDI leads to the development of unhealthy food habits. USA which is the nation with the highest obesity rate, people blame some leading food chains such as McDonalds for that. Similarly people fear of similar kind of unhealthy habits in India, if FDI is allowed.                              
 Personally speaking, I support FDI in all sectors. FDI ,as told above, is very important and advantageous. FDI not only increases economic growth, employment generation, quality of product and quality of supply chain but also keeps a check on inflation and monopolization and strengthens bi-lateral relationships. However, in the above lines I have also written about the disadvantages of FDI. Then, with a wholesome of disadvantages, why would I support increased FDI? I think that other measures can be taken to get rid of these demerits, however reducing or banning Foreign Direct Investment is not a solution to any of these!

Firstly, talking about the destruction of domestic retailers, it is the best argument I have met so far. However, it is just some research which relieved me. In 2011, a law was passed stating that foreign multi brand wholesale shops can be opened only outside the boundaries of the city. This will prevent the customers of domestic retailers too be stolen by the wholesale giants. Secondly,Thailand has opened some funds for the domestic organized retailers. Similar funds can be opened in India also to protect these retailers. Thirdly, there is another law that 30% of the products of multi brand retail giants must be bought from Indian companies with a total investment of less than 1 million US$. I think, due to this law, increased FDI in retail will increase the profits of domestic Indian manufacturers.
             Coming to the next demerit i.e. destruction of culture, I must say that is the weakest argument I have met! I think that FDI can be no reason for the destruction of culture, because even without FDI India is highly exposed to other cultures through social media and internet. Therefore, destruction of culture cannot become any kind of barrier for the success of FDI. However, still for satisfying the people, separate funds can be opened and financial assistance can be provided to the shops that sell products featuring a particular culture.
               Coming to the next point that is the fear of monopolization is something which is nothing to fear. To prevent monopolization by any company or trader a law has been made in the U.S.A. as well as in India which allows the court to take action against any company which displays monopolistic behavior. To make you understand this better I will take the same case which I took as an example to explain the ''fear of monopolization.'' In U.S.A. when Microsoft displayed such kind of monopolistic behavior (read the point ''fear of monopolization'') some companies such as Oracle, which had a very successful database management system but was failing due to Microsoft's behavior, approached the Court. Then, the Court divided Microsoft into two companies, one looking after its OS (Operating System) and the other looking after its other products such as Media Player. The Court said that the customers would buy Microsoft's OS as an different product and Media Player and other things as different products. This gave the customers the freedom to choose the best product in the best category. For example, now the customers could buy Microsoft's OS and Oracle's Database Management System. 
                 Now, taking about corruption caused by the MNCs, this is also a very weak argument. I don't realize why people blame FDI for the increased corruption in any nation. I don't think that MNCs are responsible for corruption because corruption can be caused by any corporation irrespective of the country where it has originated. Taking about India, when people talk about the coal scams, let me tell you that the companies involved in the scams were corporations like Adani Group and Aditya Birla Group which are Indian corporations rather than Multi national corporations. Taking about China, it is so much corrupt because of the kind of government there. China has a communist government that is the whole country is ruled by a few people, and these people are highly corrupt. Also another probable reason for corruption in China is that because being in power , that will have to satisfy the people and hence, usually bribes are given to be in power.

FDI in retail is one of those topics in which the debate is unending but never tedious. However, when it comes to 'yes' or 'no' it comes to you because by saying that I support FDI in retail, I don't want to restrict your minds from thinking. However, FDI in retail is something which at one hand increases the economic growth but at the other side destroys the domestic retailers. It will strengthen India's relation but at the same time will destroy the self-competitive strength of the Indian companies. So, FDI has two faces, one is the evil face of demerits and another is the holy face of merits, but its just the angle by which you see this!  

5 Amazing Buildings- Never Thought Of!!!

1) The Agora Garden Tower--Taipei

This building, which will be finished in 2016, is sending a pretty clear message about the marriage between humans and mother nature. The building is shaped like a double helix while supporting gardens on every floor and recycling rainwater functions.

2) Songjiang Hotel--Songjiang

This outrageously creative and totally gorgeous luxury hotel is going to be built within a quarry in China, with a waterfall cascading over the building's facade.

3) The Dubai Pearl--Dubai

Dubai has added another tremendous building to its skyline with this building, which won't be finished until 2016. It's shaping up to be a luxury hotel with a freaking SKY BRIDGE, as shown in the photo, overlooking the Persian Gulf. 

4)New Generation Global Center--Chengdu

The New Generation Global Center is one of the world largest buildings and has shopping complexes, shops, 7 hotels, a mediterranean village  and also an indoor water park inside it. It boasts of a 19 million sq. feet area which can fit about 3 Sydney Opera House. Most surprisingly, it also has its own artificial sun. 

5) Dawang Mountain Resort-- Dawang

The Dawang Mountain Resort, much like the Songjiang hotel, is an extremely stunning hotel set within a quarry. This particular hotel is going for more of a winter wonderland kind of vibe, and totally nails it.

July 23, 2014

Steve Jobs- His Speech, His Life

This post is about the speech which Mr. Steve Jobs, former Apple, Pixar, gave at Stanford in 2005. He rather told about 3 stories of his life, but great ones, indeed. A story about connecting the dots, about not being satisfied. But they are very motivational. Read it yourself; 

I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?
It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: "We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?" They said: "Of course." My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.
And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents' savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn't see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn't interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.
It wasn't all romantic. I didn't have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends' rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:
Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn't have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can't capture, and I found it fascinating.
None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, it's likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.
Again, you can't connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.
I really didn't know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.
I didn't see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.
During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple's current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.
I'm pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn't been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don't lose faith. I'm convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You've got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven't found it yet, keep looking. Don't settle. As with all matters of the heart, you'll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don't settle.
When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: "If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you'll most certainly be right." It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.
Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.
About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn't even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor's code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you'd have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.
I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I'm fine now.
This was the closest I've been to facing death, and I hope it's the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:
No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don't want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life's change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.
Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

July 18, 2014

Classroom Technology- Making Nerds

Best Consumer Tech Devices- Techonology

Today, we use technology everywhere, every time. Have you thought of the best consumer tech devices in 2014? Its about a folk which told you to stop eating, about the son of I Phone, about the gadget which allows you to share things without looking down and much more. See the info graphic below-

Is Photography Dead? -An Infographic

July 11, 2014

QWERTY Keyboard Decreases Our Typing Speed

Before starting with this post please look at your keyboard and observe the first six letters in the first line from thew left. Are they "QWERTY"? Now open your smartphone and see the keyboard. Isn't it the same? Have you ever thought of why is the arrangement of letters like this? Those who have never thought about it, then this post is a must read for them and for those who have thought about it would most probably say this-"They are arranged on the basis of the use of each letter." But this is absolutely wrong! I may prove it. 'E' and 'R' are one of the most frequently used letters in English language. However, you see you would press 'E' and 'R' with probably the third and fourth finger that too of your left hand. How do you explain this arrangement on the basis of there use? This posts not only tells you about the reason for the arrangement of letters in keyboard, but also tells you that do not blindly follow formulas.

The QWERTY keyboard comes from the time when computers were not invented. Typewriters were used. Typewriters have a lever for each letter. When we press a key for the letter, that lever presses on the paper to print the letter. However, if one lever is pressed and another leaver is pressed, before the first lever comes to the initial position, then the typewriter used to get stuck. This was a grave problem. Engineers, scientists worked on it for a lot of time. They were not able to give a solution. So a creative thinker was called. He asked that how could he help in such technical problems? However, he listened to the problem, and replied,"You need to increase the speed of the typing machine. So, IF YOU CAN'T  MAKE THE TYPING MACHINE FASTER, MAKE THE TYPIST SLOWER!" Everyone was silent and just smiled. This is when the QWERTY keyboard was invented. It has the most used letters at the worst places. According to a research the QWERTY keyboard slows us down for about two minutes per fifty words!!!!!
After knowing all this, still the whole world uses QWERTY keyboards and we don't accept any other keyboard.So what we learn from history is-

  • DO NOT RELY ON FORMULAS- We shouldn't follow formulas blindly because they were also once proved. If we use formulas for everything in life then, we will never discover something. Formulas limit our thinking. So whenever we use a formula we should think about the logic behind it, otherwise it may lead to grave problems. QWERTY is the biggest formula which the whole world is following today. Today, we have better keyboards but we don't use any other keyboard than QWERTY. People are just blindly following it.
  • CREATIVITY LEADS TO INNOVATION- If you regularize life, you will never think different and you will never innovate. Think two different ways to solve the same problem. This will help you to find better solutions to similar questions. After observing the problems of typewriters, the engineers thought of ways to increase the speed of the machine but the creative thinker thought of ways to decrease the speed of the typist. The way you think is what matters because success is gained by those who give a different solution to the same problem.        

June 13, 2014

FIFA World Cup- Technically Speaking

FIFA World Cup commenced from 12 of June 2014 and there starts the festive season. With better stadiums, better anticipation, this FIFA World Cup also is technically very strong and better. In Fact, in this FIFA World Cup, we have overcome the goal's debates and fights by technology. By putting UHD cameras at strategic locations, we have made home a better location to see the match. We have proved that we can achieve anything by using technology. I would like to tell you about 4 ways, how it is technically one of the strongest World Cups-   
Goal Line Technology
Was it a goal, or wasn't it?
The question shouldn't need to be debated in the next five weeks in Brazil, where goal-line technology will be used for the first time in a World Cup.
Fourteen cameras - seven trained on each goalmouth - have been hung up in all 12 World Cup stadiums. The cameras will record 500 images per second, and a computer will digest the frames. Within a second of a ball crossing the line, the referee's special watch will vibrate and flash "GOAL."
End of the debate? It should be. The designer of the system says 2,400 tests have been run in Brazil, without a mistake.

Technology In Ball!
Technology will get a new meaning in the upcoming FIFA World Cup in Brazil as the Brazuca balls to be used in the mega event will come with six in-built HD cameras capturing 360 degree view of the on-field action. Encapsulating everything that's Brazil and its passion for the game, the ball has shades of blue, orange and green, and stars on it reflecting the vibrancy and flair associated with the game in the Mecca of football. 
Vanishing foam
In a bid to prevent teams from illegally gaining ground at free-kicks, referees at the tournament will be armed with small canisters of vanishing foam. The biodegradable white substance will be sprayed on the pitch to mark where free-kicks should be taken from and the 10-yard distance that the opposition's defensive wall must observe. Known as Aero Comex Futline, the substance dissolves within a minute. "Players respect it," says Australian referee Ben Williams. "It's a great innovation and I'm looking forward to using it."
Ultra High Definition television
The 2014 World Cup will be the first tournament to be partly captured in Ultra High Definition (UHD), which boasts a resolution approximately four times higher than conventional High Definition television and requires a satellite network capable of handling 100 megabits of data per second. The tournament is seen as a trial run for the technology, which is not yet widely available.

Well, I hope now you realise that, we are in a world where we are totally dependent on technology. Wishing you a very happy F!FA Festive season!!!

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June 12, 2014

The Influence Of Women- Corporate Sector

Since decades women have been discriminated, especially in India,where beliefs are too strong to be broken and people too uneducated to understand! However, we have successfully reduced the amount of discrimination and come to stage where women are no less than men, especially in the corporate sector, where Pepsi is headed by Indra Nooyi and ICICI Bank is headed by Chanda Kochhar and........  

Women CEOs in India

There many examples of women in India making a vital contribution to corporate leadership. They have used a special combination of individual competence, industry knowledge and management skills to make it to the top.

We do not need to have a woman President (last former President), woman Speaker of the Lok Sabha, and a woman President of the opposition party in government to announce the fact that women in India have arrived. Women have always played an effective role in politics, powerful forces right from the days of Rani of Jhansi, and Sarojini Naidu to Indira Gandhi. But it is in the broader context of the social and eco­nomic milieu that women in India are now slowly coming into their own. Despite the Diverted rulings of a village court (khap panchayats) banning women from using mobiles or exposing their faces in public, or the rants and raves of misdirected fundamentalists persecuting women at bars and pubs, and inspite of a global study conducted by Reuters terming India "fourth most dangerous country" in the world for women, there are today thousands of examples to celebrate Indian women's remarkable achievements in practically every walk of life. Indian women are flying planes, fighting criminals, saving lives and running companies, so it is not surprising that today India has the world's largest number of professionally qualified women - more female doctors, surgeons, scientists, lawyers and professors than even the United States. More than that, they are even excelling in what has predominately been "a man's world", that of business and management.

The Glass Ceiling Broken

Professional women in India have broken the glass ceiling and have started making impressive strides. Women CEOs in India currently head eleven percent of 240 large compa­nies-Indian-owned as well as multina­tional, private as well as state-owned according to a study carried out be executive search firm EMA Partners. In comparison, only three percent of the Fortune 500 companies have women CEOs.

The largest number of women CEOs today in India is in the finance and banking sector where the country's second-biggest bank, ICICI Bank, and its third-largest, Axis Bank are headed by women. Chanda Kochhar is the Managing Director and CEO of ICICI Bank, while ex-ICICI Prudential Chief Shikha Sharma heads Axis Bank. In addition there is Kalpana Morparia as Country Head of JPMorgan, Naina Lai Kidwai at HSBC and Meera Sanyal at ABN Amro. Manisha Girotra heads UBS, Ashu Suyash

Fidelity International in India and half of the deputy governors at the Reserve Bank of India are women.

What's more - eleven percent of the Indian women CEOs are in the media and another 11 percent in Pharmaceuticals. Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw is the Chairman and Managing Director of Biocon and Preetha Reddy, Managing Director, Apollo Hospitals Enterprise. Eight percent of women CEOs are in consulting and another eight percent in FMCG and consumer durables with names like Vinita Bali of Britannia and Nadia Chauhan of Parle Agro. Women are also heading manufacturing and IT companies - the largest personal computer company in the country, Hewlett-Packard, is headed by Neelam Dhawan. If this can-not illustrate woman power in India, nothing can.

Indra Nooyi

To add lustre to this list is the name of Indra Nooyi, CEO of Pepsi worldwide, possibly the most successful business woman in the world, who may be based in the US, but did her schooling and college in India. Listed as one of the most influential female CEOs for the past six years in Forbes Fortune 500, Nooyi completed an MBA from the Indian   Institute of Management Calcutta, and then went on to Yale University where she studied a Master's degree in Public and Private Management before she began working for Pepsi Co in 1994. In only seven years Nooyi was appointed President and CFO of the company, and there has been no looking back for her after that.

In a country where parents in some areas still prize boys over girls, where overall female literacy rates are poor, and when even top Bollywood heroines quit acting after marriage, the wealth of women in business and management, particularly banking may seem surprising. Today, India Inc has woken up to a surreal surge of women executives taking the reigns of companies – multinational, private and public sector, family-owned, entrepreneurial, - closing in on the apparent gender gap that has kept them captive for decades. Hope lies in every second passing for a better,safer,unbiased India towards women!!!!

June 10, 2014

Light Emitting Solar Cell And Its Accidental Discovery

Scientists from Nanyang Technological University in Singapore have developed a photovoltaic material which, as well converting light to electricity, can also emit light. According to the researchers, this new type of solar cell could be used to make display screens that also function as solar panels.
The cell was developed using perovskite, a material being investigated for creating high-efficiency, inexpensive solar cells. The discovery of its light emitting capabilities happened almost by accident, when researcher Xing Guichuan shone a laser on the perovskite cell. To the research team's surprise, the solar cell glowed brightly. This is a significant finding as most solar cell materials are effective at absorbing light, not generating light.
"What we have discovered is that it can capture light particles and convert them to electricity, or vice versa," said team member Sum Tze Chien. "By tuning the composition of the material, we can make it emit a wide range of colors, which also makes it suitable as a light emitting device, such as flat screen displays."
Now the question arises is this discovery useful as well as important? I completely agree with the fact that a successful invention is one which has no disadvantages and a lot of advantages. Today, we don't use solar cells because of its high price. But the solar cell made up of perovskite will be very economical. As written above, it has the capabilities of converting,both, light into energy and also  energy into light. Now, if we make out a digital display screen out of this, it will be a screen and also a solar panel. I think this discovery will stand as a milestone in the history of technology!!!
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June 8, 2014

The Idea Of Time Travel- The World Of Universe

Have you ever imagined yourself in a spacecraft or on the rough surface of Moon? Even I wouldn't have thought about this if I had not read this book of Stephen Hawking. It consists of all the interesting things in the world of universe. Out of all these things, something which I read was so fascinating that I just couldn't wait to write it here. And there all of it written below-
Before introducing you to the world of time travel,there's some information that qualifies you to read the further part.

  • Everything in our Universe takes time to travel, even light.
  • In space, light always travels at the maximum speed that is possible: 186,000 miles per second (300,000 km per second). This speed is called the speed of light
  • When light leaves the Sun, it takes about 8 minutes and 30 seconds to reach us on Earth. However, this is considered a very small duration of time, though it travels approximately  1,53,00,00,000 km !!!
  • Though the distance between Sun and The Earth is 1,53,00,00,000, still it is the closest  star to the Earth. In fact, the second closest star to the Earth which is Proxima Centauri, is 40280 billion km away.
  • Due to these large distances in space, distance is measured in terms of light-years, which is the distance light travels in one year. A light-year is almost 6,000 billion miles (around 9,500 billion km). Therefore, it takes approximately 4.24 years for light to reach from Proxima Centauri to Earth at the speed of 300,000 km per second!!!!!!! 

This world is made up of fascinating things and I hope I proved that in the previous 10 or 15 lines. But how is all this stuff related to time travel? For this you need to think creatively, scientifically and innovatively. What I am going to explain next was thought by Einstein. I just modified all that science into simple logic, just for you. There is nothing in the laws of physics to prevent time travel. It may be extremely difficult to put into practice; but it is not impossible.

1) What we are seeing now has taken place before?
Let us assume that we see the nebula of a star just now. This nebula is tens of millions of kilometers away. Therefore it will take several years for light to reach our eyes. Therefore, what we saw just now has already taken place  several years before. Similarly sun has rose 8 minutes 30 seconds prior to when we see it. 

2)If the rays of light meet our eyes before other eyes,we can see the event before others.
We see an event when the light rays from the event enter the retina of our eyes. Now when we are going in a spaceship and we are on the path that light has taken from the nebula to the Earth. Therefore, light from the nebula will reach our eyes. This means that we will see the nebula, however the people on Earth won't be able to see this nebula.

3) Can someone see an event two times?
Now,let us imagine that we turn when we see the nebula. Now if we travel with light (at its speed), towards the Earth, then we will reach Earth before the rays of light. Therefore, this means that we can see the nebula again when we reach Earth.

4) Seeing something two times is time travel.
Everything in this world happens once. We a particular nebula's sight only once. However, if you see it twice than you seen it, once before it has taken place and the other time when it takes place. Therefore, we were there at the moment when an event has not taken place and still we saw it. This means that we have seen the future. Hence, we have time traveled.

5) CONCLUSION- We Can Time Travel If We Can Travel At More Speed Than Light.
In the above point I have proved that we can time travel, but there is always one condition to every big invention. Here, it is that you need travel at a speed which is higher than light's speed. But why? As I told you in the 3rd point that we will see it two times only if we travel towards the Earth with light or faster than light.
Therefore, we can time travel if we invent a vehicle which can travel at a higher speed than light!!!!!!!Now just tell me what could be more fascinating than that!!!

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May 19, 2014

Why Do we Say "Cheers" ?- Interesting Read

After a long time something caught my attention and I thought I should share this with you. When we drink soft drinks or any kind of drinks, we say "cheers." Have you ever thought why do we say that? Though there is no particular reason discovered till now, but you always have predictions. Two of the very interesting, logical and real predictions which I came across recently are down here-  

  • The Five Senses- We all know that we have five senses and sense organs that is eye, ear, mouth, skin and nose. We drink drinks to celebrate. When we drink , we can enjoy the drink and take its delight by smelling, tasting, feeling or seeing. However we can not take its "आनंद" by hearing. We say "cheers" so that we can enjoy the drink by its to its maximum limit
  •  World War 1- During the time of World War 1, the world was infected with terrorism and no one could be trusted. Therefore, whenever two people drunk wine or some other drink, They used to fill it to its brim and then they would say cheers and gently touch each other's glass. This touch mixed each-other's drink and so if one had mixed some poisonous into another one's drink, both would die together. There ends the story of the invention of this word- "cheers" 
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May 11, 2014

What is Dramatics, Theater, Acting? - The Story of Heath Ledger

Firstly I would like to ask-What is acting? The answer which most people give is making faces according to the scene and boldly saying dialogues in front of the camera. When I ask people," why is a successful actor, successful?" They say," because he can express. He can bring the needed expressions on his face." However, they don't realise that acting or theatrics is not all about speaking dialogues with expressions. Its about our day-to-day life. Its about observation. Its about passion and dedication. Its about feeling the character. Its about imagination,creativity. For acting well you have to alter your mental status, social status, economical status and physical status or imagine it has been altered. You need to get galvanized with your character and imagine if it were you. And if you can do all that, then no one can stop you from being a perfect actor. When we see a movie its not just about our entertainment but we need to realise the hard work and time invested to make a 2 hour movie. Some successful examples are there and behind every blockbuster movie is the success secret.    
One of the greatest example is Heath Ledger, the person who played "joker"in the movie "Dark Knight Rises." He won Oscar for the role for which he deserved much more. To alter his mental status he pretty well locked himself up in a hotel room for weeks. He didn't met anyone. He galvanized the upcoming character. He spoiled his mental condition. That was typical of heath. He liked to dive into his characters, but this time he really took it up a notch. He immersed himself in the upcoming character on every level level. Just because of his spoiled mental condition he commited a suicide!!While Heath's death was ruled accidental the diary does reveal he was struggling with the deeply twisted role and his own emotions.The Dark Knight was released nearly six months after his death.Prior to his death he spoke to Empire Magazine saying he 'feared' the role but wanted to make it different.He said,"I sat around in a hotel room in London for about a month, locked myself away, formed a little diary and experimented with voices - it was important to try to find a somewhat iconic voice and laugh.I ended up landing more in the realm of a psychopath - someone with very little to no conscience towards his acts." Now what could be better than to sacrifice your life just for attaining success. Another example is Aamir Khan.
 For making his mind blowing physique in the blockbuster-Ghazini, he survived only on eggs for months and exercised day and night just for a single scene. Today, he is the most famous actor in Bollywood, still he practices for hours and days and months to do a single scene. He practiced for 3 months in Spain to learn tap dance. Irfaan Khan spent 6 months in Rajasthan to learn the language spoken there for his movie Paan Singh Tomar. Now after reading all this I am sure you understand what is acting and how difficult it is. Next time you go to see a movie just identify the hard work, time, dedication, money was spent in the making of the movie!!!!
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April 30, 2014

From Riches to Rags $$$-The Story of Vijay Mallya

Everyone is always talking about how the rich are getting richer–and it’s usually true. But not always.Billionaires fall from golden perches for many reasons, from an inability to recognize underlying weaknesses in their industries to failing to diversify their holdings once they reached the top. Their stories are cautionary tales, warning aspiring entrepreneurs on their way to riches not to get too cocky once they get there.A very recent and unforgettable example for all Indians is given below-
Over the past 10 years the Indian economy has soared, and with it enterprises such as Vijay Mallya's Kingfisher Airlines. But now the super-rich tycoon's fleet is grounded and debt-ridden."I am taking things personally," Vijay Mallya, chairman of Kingfisher Airlines, says when it comes to running his airline.Perhaps this is one reason why the airline is in shambles.Lack of delegation is being talked about as the major move that Mallya did not undertake when running the airline.The first warning sign was a series of unexpected flight cancellations at the end of last year. The company blamed technical issues but the problems rapidly worsened.Kingfisher soon had difficulties paying for fuel, particularly as costs were inflated by surging oil prices and punitive government levies. Tax demands began mounting up. So, to, did claims for airport fees. Salaries went unpaid. Key staff repeatedly walked out. A Kingfisher store manager's wife killed herself, leaving a note blaming financial worries for her decision. Almost all employees stopped work. Many blame the imprudence of Mallya himself, arguing that his emotional attachment to the airline blinded him to hard economic reality. Others point to a broader responsibility, asking why the banks and the regulators failed to act sooner. One recent Mallya tweet spoke of relief at being relegated from the Forbes list of Indian billionaires – he is now worth a mere $800m (£500m) – as his new status will mean less "jealousy" and "wrongful attacks". We learn that reaching that stage is very difficult. However, maintaining our level at that stage is even more difficult. You need to be grounded.Another very good example is the bank balance of athletes. Even the athletes who have played till Olympics or Common Wealth Games don not get food to eat. One leading example is Hussain Bolt. They are not getting their livelihood. They are treated as an ordinary man with no talents. Therefore, we also learn that a talented men may also lose money just because they don't how to risk their talent. Some who know how to also lead a life of misery because this world is bias and partial. The world is made up of exceptions where only "The Almighty Him" can save you!!

April 28, 2014

Bend it,Charge it, Dunk it- Graphene

Graphene is pure carbon in the form of a very thin, nearly transparent sheet, basically one atom thick. It is remarkably strong for its very low weight (100 times stronger than steel ) and it conducts heat and electricity with great efficiency., it was first produced in the lab in 2004.Because it is virtually two-dimensional, it interacts oddly with light and with other materials.Technically, graphene is a crystalline allotrope of carbon with 2-dimensional properties. In graphene, carbon atoms are densely packed .If we stack layers of graphene on top of one another they form graphite, which is found in every pencil lead. In fact anyone who has drawn a line with a pencil has probably made some graphene.

Properties-a. Very good conductor of electricity and heat
                 b. 200 times stronger than steel
                 c. So thin that a single ounce of it covers 28 football fields
                 d. Highly flexible
                 f. Extremely light
Use-In 2011, a battery that incorporated Graphene and Silicon was built. This battery stayed
charged for more than a week and recharged in just 15 minutes.
This material can change the electronics industry using in flexible devices, supercharged
quantum computers, computers that can interface with the cells in our body.
Advancement in Graphene will lead to touch screen electronics that could make cellphone
as a thin piece of paper and foldable enough to slip into a pocket. 
             Truly Graphene is the material of tomorrow. If used extensively it can make a better world of living. By its extensive use, we can overcome the use of plastic and again hope for the coming generations to exist longer. Now, the large scale use of graphene can only save our beautiful nature!!!!!